Redating the radiocarbon dating of the dead sea scrolls Free face sex
One scene is the battle against the city of Ashkelon which is specifically named.
Yurco argues that the other two city scenes are Gezer and Yanoam.
Lawrence Stager suggests that the small horses pulling the chariot belong to pharaoh's army as in the Ashkelon scene (1985, 58).
Rainey thinks the Shasu are Israelites, but others identify the Shasu as Edomites (Stager 1985, 60).
One of the most important discoveries that relate to the time of the Exodus is the Merneptah stele which dates to about 1210 BC. "Rainey's Challenge." Biblical Archaeology Review 17:6 (November/December).
Merneptah, the king of Egypt, boasts that he has destroyed his enemies in Canaan.
The Execration texts seems to parallel the time of the patriarchs.
The second type, dating a generation or two later (Middle Bronze II, 1800-1630 BC) are clay figurines which list cities along major routes of travel (Mc Carter 1996, 43). "How Not to Create a History of the Exodus-A Critique of Professor Goedicke's Theories." Biblical Archaeology Review 7:6 (November/December).
His majesty reached a foreign country of which the name was Sekmem.
His majesty took the right direction in proceeding to the Residence of life, prosperity, and health.
Both scholars Yurco and Rainey agree that these battle scenes are from Merneptah's reign (Yurco 1991, 61; Rainey 1992, 73-4; Hess 1993, 134).
Before the discovery of the Merneptah stele scholars placed the date of the exodus and entry into Canaan much later.This implies that Israel did not have a king or kingdom at this time. The text also implies that Israel was as strong as the other cities mentioned, and not just a small tribe. "Linguistic Notes on Thutmose III's Topographical List." Egyptological Studies vol.