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The joint circular went into effect in September 2013, but no cases were prosecuted under the 2012 law during the reporting period.The government issued two additional circulars and one decree providing additional guidance for implementation of the anti-trafficking law’s protection and prevention provisions.The Government of Vietnam does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so.In July 2013, the Supreme People’s Court, the Supreme People’s Procuracy, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of National Defense, and the Ministry of Justice issued a joint circular establishing criminal penalties for the trafficking crimes defined in Vietnam’s 2012 anti-trafficking law.Vietnam is a major source country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor within the country and abroad.Vietnam is a source country for men and women who migrate abroad for work independently or through state-owned, private, or joint-stock labor export recruitment companies.Upon arrival in destination countries, some workers find themselves compelled to work in substandard conditions for little or no pay, with large debts and no credible avenues of legal recourse.
Vietnamese authorities and NGOs have documented Vietnamese men, women, and children subjected to forced labor within the country.
NGOs report that the approximately 22,000 street children in Vietnam, as well as children with disabilities, are at an increased risk of trafficking.
Victims are often recruited by relatives or acquaintances, and often with the knowledge, consent, or urging of close family members.
Vietnamese boys and girls, many of whom are from rural areas and some of whom are as young as 12-years-old, are subjected to sex trafficking.
NGOs and government officials report traffickers increasingly target victims in remote areas of the country where trafficking awareness remains low among both citizens and officials.Vietnamese authorities continued to prosecute and convict transnational sex trafficking offenders.