Dating hamza tunisia
Depicting the open right hand, an image recognized and used as a sign of protection in many times throughout history, the hamsa is believed by some, predominantly Jews, Christians and Muslims, to provide defense against the evil eye.
It has been theorized that its origins lie in Ancient Egypt or Carthage (modern-day Tunisia) and may have been associated with the Goddess Tanit.
The Hand of Fatima also represents femininity, and is referred as the woman's holy hand.
It is believed to have extraordinary characteristics that can protect people from evil and other dangers.
Its use by Ashkenazi Jews outside of Israel both historically and contemporaneously is intermittent but not unknown.
Similar to the Western use of the phrase "knock on wood" or "touch wood", a common expression in Israel is "Hamsa, Hamsa, Hamsa, tfu, tfu, tfu", the sound for spitting, supposedly to spit out bad luck.
The hand decorated some of the most religious and divine objects and has since emerged from its uncommon phase.
The helping hand exemplified God's willingness to help his people and direct them out of struggle.
Around the time of the Byzantine period, artists would depict God's hand reaching from up above.
Other symbols of divine protection based around the hand include the Hand-of-Venus (or Aphrodite), the Hand-of-Mary, that was used to protect women from the evil eye and/or boost fertility and lactation, promote healthy pregnancies and strengthen the weak.
One theory postulates a connection between the khamsa and the Mano Pantea (or Hand-of-the-All-Goddess), an amulet known to ancient Egyptians as the Two Fingers.It refers to the eye of Horus, which means humans cannot escape from the eye of conscience.