Conflict between carbon dating and religion
They actually might claim they are less intelligent.," said Richard Boyatzis, distinguished university professor and professor of organizational behavior at Case Western Reserve, and a member of Jack's team.
"Our studies confirmed that statistical relationship, but at the same time showed that people with faith are more prosocial and empathic," he said.
When presented with a physics problem or ethical dilemma, a healthy brain fires up the appropriate network while suppressing the other.
"Because of the tension between networks, pushing aside a naturalistic world view enables you to delve deeper into the social/emotional side," Jack explained.
Those noted individuals were intellectually sophisticated enough to see that there is no need for religion and science to come into conflict." They refer to Baruch Aba Shalev's book 100 years of Nobel Prizes, which found that, from 1901 to 2000, 654 Nobel laureates, or nearly 90 percent, belonged to one of 28 religions.
The remaining 10.5 percent were atheists, agnostics or freethinkers.
The gap may be because women have a stronger tendency toward empathetic concern than men.
Like other studies, these experiments showed that analytic thinking discourages acceptance of spiritual or religious beliefs.Brain structure The research is based on the hypothesis that the human brain has two opposing domains in constant tension.In earlier research, Jack 's Brain, Mind & Consciousness lab used functional magnetic resonance imaging to show the brain has an analytical network of neurons that enables us to think critically and a social network that enables us to empathize.Theirs and other studies find that, overall, religious belief is associated with greater compassion, greater social inclusiveness and greater motivation to engage in pro-social actions.Jack said the conflict can be avoided by remembering simple rules: "Religion has no place telling us about the physical structure of the world; that's the business of science."Although it is simply a distortion of history to pin all conflict on religion," Jack said.